The Roman Republic - Multiple-Choice Test


1. Corsica and Sardinia are large islands _____ of the Italian peninsula.

east
north
south
west
2. The _____ Sea runs along the western coast of Italy.

Aegean
Black
Mediterranean
Tyrrhenian
3. What did NOT serve as protection for the Latins of early Rome?

Alps to the north
Poor harbors in eastern Italy
Presence of the Etruscans
Seas on three sides of the Italian peninsula
4. _____ were the common people, with few rights and little power.

Patricians
Plebeians
Plebiscites
Republicans
5. The Etruscans lived primarily in the region once known as _____, and now known as Tuscany.

Calabria
Etruria
Latium
Venetia
6. According to legend, Rome was founded by the twin brothers Romulus and _____ in 753 B.C.E.

Ralph
Remus
Ricky
Rufus
7. _____ is an island which, on a map, appears to be being "kicked" by the "boot" that is the Italian peninsula.

Corsica
Cyprus
Sardinia
Sicily
8. Romans spoke the _____ language.

Greek
Latin
Romanian
Sicilian
9. _____ is the traditional founder of the Roman Republic, who overthrew the Etruscan kings in 509 B.C.E.

Julius Caesar
Lucius Junius Brutus
Octavian
Romulus Augustus
10. Italy has a central location in the _____ Sea, giving it a trading advantage in the region.

Aegean
Caspian
Ionian
Mediterranean
11. The first written laws of Rome, the _____, came into effect in 450 B.C.E.

Bill of Rights
Code of Hammurabi
Justinian Code
Twelve Tables
12. _____ were in charge of Roman finances.

Aediles
Dictators
Praetors
Quaesters
13. The Roman Republic ended with the _____ in 31 B.C.E.

Battle of Actium
Battle of the Bulge
Inquisition
plebiscite
14. Rome was built on the _____ hills on the eastern bank of the Tiber River.

4
5
6
7
15. Which was NOT a reason for Rome's success?

Divide-and-conquer strategy over conquered peoples
Forced military conscription of conquered peoples
Military might strengthened by a voluntary army
Well-built and well-maintained infrastructure
16. The Latins settled south of the _____ River about 1200 B.C.E.

Danube
Rhine
Thames
Tiber
17. Rome was the leading city of the _____.

Etruscan League
European Union
Latin League
Peloponnesian League
18. The term _____ means "thing of the people."

autocracy
monarchy
republic
theocracy
19. _____ settlers colonized the western portion of Sicily.

Carthaginian
Gallic
Greek
Thracian
20. _____, with absolute power, were elected by the Senate in times of emergency to rule for six months.

Aediles
Censors
Dictators
Praetors
21. _____ from the north plundered and burned Rome in 386 B.C.E.

Carthaginians
Etruscans
Gauls
Sicilians
22. _____ were in charge of administering justice.

Censors
Dictators
Praetors
Quaesters
23. Because of its fear that its allies and colonies would unite against Roman rule, Rome's solution was to _____.

enslave all denizens of conquered areas
force conquered peoples to unite into a league
keep groups under Roman rule disunited
make all conquered monarchs members of the Senate
24. The _____ Sea runs along the eastern coast of Italy.

Adriatic
Aegean
Mediterranean
Tyrrhenian
25. _____ were nobles who controlled the government of the Roman Republic.

Patricians
Plebeians
Gentry
Republicans

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