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French Revolution Maps and Pictures
 
 
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  Map of Europe in 1789.  Prussian territories.  Austrian Hapsburg territories.   The Three Estates.  A contemporary cartoon, showing the Third Estate welcoming the nobles and the clergy to the ranks of the National Assembly, June 30, 1789.   Guillotine in the square before the Hotel de Ville.  Illustration from a contemporary newspaper.   Hall of the National Assembly in Paris.  From a contemporary print.  The States-General which met in May, 1789, had adopted the name National Assembly.  When the mob compelled the king to move to Paris from Versailles the Assembly followed and convened in a hall near the Tuileries.  From the speaker's rostrum at the right of the picture the Assembly was addressed at various times by the leaders of the Revolution, including Lafayette and Mirabeau.  The mob filled the galleries, hissing or applauding the speakers.  Those who could not crowd inside stood without and were informed by signals from the windows of what was going on within.   Halting the royal family at Varennes.  From a contemporary print.  The royal family traveled in a great coach built for the purpose.  The roads were bad, and the traveling carriage was heavy, but all went well until, at a point near Varennes, the king put his head out of the window and was recognized by the likeness of his features to the profile stamped on the French coins.   The man who thus discovered the royal flight jumped on a horse, dashed into Varennes and roused the citizens to stop the coach.  A messenger was dispatched to Paris, and shortly after, under the escort of members of the National Assembly, the royal family was compelled to return.  
  Europe in 1789   Three Estates   Guillotine   National Assembly, Paris   Royal Family at Varennes  
 
 
  The Oath of the Tennis Court, June 20, 1789.  From a painting by David.   French lady entering a sedan chair.  The sedan chair, used by the upper classes during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, was carried by two "chairmen."  It had side windows, a hinged door at the front, and a roof that opened to allow the occupant to stand.  It took its name from the town of Sedan, France.  This engraving, made in Paris in 1777, shows the elegant costumes worn by the nobility and their servants.   Queen Marie Antoinette of France.   Marie Antoinette and her children.  From a painting by Madame Lebrun, in the Versailles Palace.  Marie Antoinette was unpopular both at the French court and with the people almost from the time of her marriage.  The ladies of the court disliked her because she made fun of their grand manners.  The people considered her frivolous and extravagant.  They declared that she was nothing but a "foreigner," and generally called her "the Austrian."  She had four children, two daughters and two sons.  The younger daughter died in infancy in 1787; and the older son died at the age of seven, in 1789.  The younger son, who survived his parents, is shown in the picture as the baby on the queen's lap.   Madame Roland on the way to her execution, 1793.  From a painting by Royer.  
  Tennis Court Oath   French Noblewoman   Marie Antoinette   Marie Antoinette and Her Children   Madame Roland  
 
 
 
 
  The storming of the Bastille.  Paris, France, July 14, 1789.   Memorial to the king and queen.  Drawing of a funeral urn with the profile of Louis XVI in the base at the left, Marie Antoinette at the right, the Dauphin in the willow tree at the right margin, and his sister Madame Royale at the left of the king's head.  Made for sympathetic royalists by a contemporary artist.   A guillotine used in the French Revolution.        
  Storming the Bastille   Memorial Urn   Guillotine   The Third Estate Takes Refuge in the Tennis Court      
 
 
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